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Worth A Thousand Words

Variation typology PDF Author: Thorsten Roelcke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110160833
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 1072

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Book Description
Der Band verbindet erstmals eine sprachtypologische und eine variationslinguistische Betrachtung von 34 europäischen Sprachen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Die einzelnen Sprachen werden dabei jeweils zunächst im Hinblick auf ihre sprachtypologischen Grundzüge auf drei Ebenen charakterisiert: Lautung (Bestand an Vokalen und Konsonanten, Prosodik und weitere Erscheinungen), Morphologie (Inventar an grammatischen Kategorien, Verhältnis zwischen synthetischem und analytischem Sprachbau sowie Repräsentation morphologischer Haupttypen) und Syntax (Wort- und Satzgliedstellung, Einordnung aus Sicht der relationalen Typologie sowie prominenztypologische Einordnung). Im Anschluss hieran werden jeweils die lautliche, morphologische und syntaktische Variation dieser Sprachen in historischer, regionaler, sozialer und funktionaler Hinsicht sprachtypologisch interpretiert sowie auf Konstanten und Tendenzen hin analysiert. Auf diese Weise trägt der Band einerseits zu einem tieferen und breiteren Verständnis der strukturellen Variation europäischer Sprachen bei und eröffnet andererseits neue Perspektiven für die allgemeine und vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft.

Variation typology

Variation typology PDF Author: Thorsten Roelcke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 9783110160833
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : de
Pages : 1072

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Book Description
Der Band verbindet erstmals eine sprachtypologische und eine variationslinguistische Betrachtung von 34 europäischen Sprachen in Geschichte und Gegenwart. Die einzelnen Sprachen werden dabei jeweils zunächst im Hinblick auf ihre sprachtypologischen Grundzüge auf drei Ebenen charakterisiert: Lautung (Bestand an Vokalen und Konsonanten, Prosodik und weitere Erscheinungen), Morphologie (Inventar an grammatischen Kategorien, Verhältnis zwischen synthetischem und analytischem Sprachbau sowie Repräsentation morphologischer Haupttypen) und Syntax (Wort- und Satzgliedstellung, Einordnung aus Sicht der relationalen Typologie sowie prominenztypologische Einordnung). Im Anschluss hieran werden jeweils die lautliche, morphologische und syntaktische Variation dieser Sprachen in historischer, regionaler, sozialer und funktionaler Hinsicht sprachtypologisch interpretiert sowie auf Konstanten und Tendenzen hin analysiert. Auf diese Weise trägt der Band einerseits zu einem tieferen und breiteren Verständnis der strukturellen Variation europäischer Sprachen bei und eröffnet andererseits neue Perspektiven für die allgemeine und vergleichende Sprachwissenschaft.

Typology and Universals

Typology and Universals PDF Author: William Croft
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521004992
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 372

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Book Description
A thorough rewriting to reflect advances in typology and universals in the past decade.

Language Typology

Language Typology PDF Author: Alice Caffarel
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027247668
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 716

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Book Description
This book is intended as a systemic functional contribution to language typology both for those who would like to understand and describe particular languages against the background of generalizations about a wide range of languages and also for those who would like to develop typological accounts that are based on and embody descriptions of the systems of particular languages (rather than isolated constructions). The book is a unique contribution in at least two respects. On the one hand, it is the first book based on systemic functional theory that is specifically concerned with language typology. On the other hand, the book combines the particular with the general in the description of languages: it presents comparable sketches of particular languages while at the same time identifying generalizations based on the languages described here as well as on other languages. The volume explores eight languages, covering seven language families: French, German, Pitjantjatjara, Tagalog, Telugu, Vietnamese, Chinese, and Japanese.

Aggregating Dialectology, Typology, and Register Analysis

Aggregating Dialectology, Typology, and Register Analysis PDF Author: Benedikt Szmrecsanyi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110317559
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 478

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Book Description
This volume aims to overcome sub-disciplinary boundaries in the study of linguistic variation - be it language-internal or cross-linguistic. Even though dialectologists, register analysts, typologists, and quantitative linguists all deal with linguistic variation, there is astonishingly little interaction across these fields. But the fourteen contributions in this volume show that these subdisciplines actually share many interests and methodological concerns in common. The chapters specifically converge in the following ways: First, they all seek to explore linguistic variation, within or across languages. Second, they are based on usage data, that is, on corpora of (more or less) authentic text or speech of different languages or language varieties. Third, all chapters are concerned with the joint analysis (also sometimes known as “aggregation” or “data synthesis”) of multiple phenomena, features, or measurements of some sort. And lastly, the contributors all marshal quantitative analysis techniques to analyse the data. In short, the volume explores the text-feature-aggregation pipeline in variation studies, demonstrating that there is much mutual inspiration to be had by thinking outside the disciplinary box.

Dialectology meets Typology

Dialectology meets Typology PDF Author: Bernd Kortmann
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110197324
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 547

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Book Description
In what ways can dialectologists and language typologists profit from each others' work when looking across the fence? This is the guiding question of this volume, which involves follow-up questions such as: How can dialectologists profit from adopting the large body of insights in and hypotheses on language variation and language universals familiar from work in language typology, notably functional typology? Vice versa, what can typologists learn from the study of non-standard varieties? What are possible contributions of dialectology to areal typologies and the study of grammaticalization? What are important theoretical and methodological implications of this new type of collaboration in the study of language variation? The 18 contributors, among them many distinguished dialectologists, sociolinguists and typologists, address these and other novel questions on the basis of analyses of the morphology and syntax of a broad range of dialects (Germanic, Romance, Balto-Slavic, Indo-Aryan).

Phonological Typology

Phonological Typology PDF Author: Matthew K. Gordon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191646350
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
This book provides an overview of phonological typology: the study of how sounds are distributed across the languages of the world and why they display these distributions and patterns. It examines major phonological phenomena such as phoneme inventories, syllable structure, phonological alternations, stress, tone, intonation, and prosodic morphology, and investigates issues including how common certain types of sounds are cross-linguistically and why; how many languages differentiate questions and statements using intonation; which areas of the world tend to be associated with more complex tone distinctions; and the relationship between cross-linguistic and language-internal frequency. Data are drawn from existing typologies, from the results of a survey of various phonological patterns in the 100-language sample from the World Atlas of Language Structures, and from corpora of individual languages. Matthew Gordon analyses these data and explores the correlations between different - often superficially unrelated - phonological properties to gain insight into the driving forces behind these phenomena. He provides an overview of synchronic and diachronic explanations for the patterns observed and discusses how formal phonological theory has attempted to model the typological data. One of relatively few typological works devoted to phonology, this book will be a valuable resource for phonologists and phoneticians from advanced undergraduate level upwards, as well all those with an interest in language typology.

Language Typology and Language Universals / Sprachtypologie und sprachliche Universalien / La typologie des langues et les universaux linguistiques. 2. Halbband

Language Typology and Language Universals / Sprachtypologie und sprachliche Universalien / La typologie des langues et les universaux linguistiques. 2. Halbband PDF Author: Martin Haspelmath
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110194260
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 1012

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Book Description
This handbook provides a comprehensive and thorough survey of our current insights into the diversity and unity found across the 6000 languages of this planet. The 125 articles include inter alia chapters on the patterns and limits of variation manifested by analogous structures, constructions and linguistic devices across languages (e.g. word order, tense and aspect, inflection, color terms and syllable structure). Other chapters cover the history, methodology and the theory of typology, as well as the relationship between language typology and other disciplines. The authors of the individual sections and chapters are for the most part internationally known experts on the relevant topics. The vast majority of the articles are written in English, some in French or German. The handbook is not only intended for the expert in the fields of typology and language universals, but for all of those interested in linguistics. It is specifically addressed to all those who specialize in individual languages, providing basic orientation for their analysis and placing each language within the space of what is possible and common in the languages of the world.

Language Typology and Language Universals

Language Typology and Language Universals PDF Author: Martin Haspelmath
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
ISBN: 3110114232
Category : Linguistic universals
Languages : en
Pages : 873

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Book Description


A Featural Typology of Bantu Agreement

A Featural Typology of Bantu Agreement PDF Author: Jenneke van der Wal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 019884428X
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 337

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Book Description
This book explores variation in Bantu subject and object marking on the basis of data from 75 Bantu languages. It specifically addresses the question of which features are involved in agreement and nominal licensing, and examines how parametric variation in those features accounts for the settings and patterns that are attested crosslinguistically.

The Typology of Asian Englishes

The Typology of Asian Englishes PDF Author: Lisa Lim
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027284539
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 120

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Book Description
When considering the structure of New Englishes which have evolved in – multilingual, mostly post-colonial – contexts of Asia (thus, Asian Englishes), the significant factors to be considered are: 1) the variety/ies of the English lexifier that entered the local context; 2) the nature of transmission of English to the local population; and 3) the local, i.e. substrate, languages of the community in which the New English emerges. This third factor is the focus of the five papers in this volume: they investigate the structure of Asian varieties of English by exploring the relationship between the typological profile of substrate languages in the specific linguistic ecology and the grammatical features of the emerging contact variety of English.The contributions to this volume were originally published in English World-Wide 30:2 (2009).