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Worth A Thousand Words

Statistical Learning with Sparsity PDF Author: Trevor Hastie
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN: 9781498712163
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 367

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Book Description
Discover New Methods for Dealing with High-Dimensional Data A sparse statistical model has only a small number of nonzero parameters or weights; therefore, it is much easier to estimate and interpret than a dense model. Statistical Learning with Sparsity: The Lasso and Generalizations presents methods that exploit sparsity to help recover the underlying signal in a set of data. Top experts in this rapidly evolving field, the authors describe the lasso for linear regression and a simple coordinate descent algorithm for its computation. They discuss the application of l1 penalties to generalized linear models and support vector machines, cover generalized penalties such as the elastic net and group lasso, and review numerical methods for optimization. They also present statistical inference methods for fitted (lasso) models, including the bootstrap, Bayesian methods, and recently developed approaches. In addition, the book examines matrix decomposition, sparse multivariate analysis, graphical models, and compressed sensing. It concludes with a survey of theoretical results for the lasso. In this age of big data, the number of features measured on a person or object can be large and might be larger than the number of observations. This book shows how the sparsity assumption allows us to tackle these problems and extract useful and reproducible patterns from big datasets. Data analysts, computer scientists, and theorists will appreciate this thorough and up-to-date treatment of sparse statistical modeling.

Statistical Learning with Sparsity

Statistical Learning with Sparsity PDF Author: Trevor Hastie
Publisher: Chapman and Hall/CRC
ISBN: 9781498712163
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 367

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Book Description
Discover New Methods for Dealing with High-Dimensional Data A sparse statistical model has only a small number of nonzero parameters or weights; therefore, it is much easier to estimate and interpret than a dense model. Statistical Learning with Sparsity: The Lasso and Generalizations presents methods that exploit sparsity to help recover the underlying signal in a set of data. Top experts in this rapidly evolving field, the authors describe the lasso for linear regression and a simple coordinate descent algorithm for its computation. They discuss the application of l1 penalties to generalized linear models and support vector machines, cover generalized penalties such as the elastic net and group lasso, and review numerical methods for optimization. They also present statistical inference methods for fitted (lasso) models, including the bootstrap, Bayesian methods, and recently developed approaches. In addition, the book examines matrix decomposition, sparse multivariate analysis, graphical models, and compressed sensing. It concludes with a survey of theoretical results for the lasso. In this age of big data, the number of features measured on a person or object can be large and might be larger than the number of observations. This book shows how the sparsity assumption allows us to tackle these problems and extract useful and reproducible patterns from big datasets. Data analysts, computer scientists, and theorists will appreciate this thorough and up-to-date treatment of sparse statistical modeling.

Statistical Learning with Sparsity

Statistical Learning with Sparsity PDF Author: Trevor Hastie
Publisher:
ISBN: 9787519261870
Category : Sparse matrices
Languages : en
Pages : 351

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Book Description


Statistical Process Monitoring Using Advanced Data-Driven and Deep Learning Approaches

Statistical Process Monitoring Using Advanced Data-Driven and Deep Learning Approaches PDF Author: Fouzi Harrou
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128193662
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 328

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Book Description
Statistical Process Monitoring Using Advanced Data-Driven and Deep Learning Approaches tackles multivariate challenges in process monitoring by merging the advantages of univariate and traditional multivariate techniques to enhance their performance and widen their practical applicability. The book proceeds with merging the desirable properties of shallow learning approaches – such as a one-class support vector machine and k-nearest neighbours and unsupervised deep learning approaches – to develop more sophisticated and efficient monitoring techniques. Finally, the developed approaches are applied to monitor many processes, such as waste-water treatment plants, detection of obstacles in driving environments for autonomous robots and vehicles, robot swarm, chemical processes (continuous stirred tank reactor, plug flow rector, and distillation columns), ozone pollution, road traffic congestion, and solar photovoltaic systems. Uses a data-driven based approach to fault detection and attribution Provides an in-depth understanding of fault detection and attribution in complex and multivariate systems Familiarises you with the most suitable data-driven based techniques including multivariate statistical techniques and deep learning-based methods Includes case studies and comparison of different methods

Statistical Learning for Big Dependent Data

Statistical Learning for Big Dependent Data PDF Author: Daniel Peña
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119417392
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 560

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Book Description
Master advanced topics in the analysis of large, dynamically dependent datasets with this insightful resource Statistical Learning with Big Dependent Data delivers a comprehensive presentation of the statistical and machine learning methods useful for analyzing and forecasting large and dynamically dependent data sets. The book presents automatic procedures for modelling and forecasting large sets of time series data. Beginning with some visualization tools, the book discusses procedures and methods for finding outliers, clusters, and other types of heterogeneity in big dependent data. It then introduces various dimension reduction methods, including regularization and factor models such as regularized Lasso in the presence of dynamical dependence and dynamic factor models. The book also covers other forecasting procedures, including index models, partial least squares, boosting, and now-casting. It further presents machine-learning methods, including neural network, deep learning, classification and regression trees and random forests. Finally, procedures for modelling and forecasting spatio-temporal dependent data are also presented. Throughout the book, the advantages and disadvantages of the methods discussed are given. The book uses real-world examples to demonstrate applications, including use of many R packages. Finally, an R package associated with the book is available to assist readers in reproducing the analyses of examples and to facilitate real applications. Analysis of Big Dependent Data includes a wide variety of topics for modeling and understanding big dependent data, like: New ways to plot large sets of time series An automatic procedure to build univariate ARMA models for individual components of a large data set Powerful outlier detection procedures for large sets of related time series New methods for finding the number of clusters of time series and discrimination methods , including vector support machines, for time series Broad coverage of dynamic factor models including new representations and estimation methods for generalized dynamic factor models Discussion on the usefulness of lasso with time series and an evaluation of several machine learning procedure for forecasting large sets of time series Forecasting large sets of time series with exogenous variables, including discussions of index models, partial least squares, and boosting. Introduction of modern procedures for modeling and forecasting spatio-temporal data Perfect for PhD students and researchers in business, economics, engineering, and science: Statistical Learning with Big Dependent Data also belongs to the bookshelves of practitioners in these fields who hope to improve their understanding of statistical and machine learning methods for analyzing and forecasting big dependent data.

Machine Learning in Medical Imaging

Machine Learning in Medical Imaging PDF Author: Heung-Il Suk
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030326926
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 695

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Book Description
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International Workshop on Machine Learning in Medical Imaging, MLMI 2019, held in conjunction with MICCAI 2019, in Shenzhen, China, in October 2019. The 78 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 158 submissions. They focus on major trends and challenges in the area, aiming to identify new-cutting-edge techniques and their uses in medical imaging. Topics dealt with are: deep learning, generative adversarial learning, ensemble learning, sparse learning, multi-task learning, multi-view learning, manifold learning, and reinforcement learning, with their applications to medical image analysis, computer-aided detection and diagnosis, multi-modality fusion, image reconstruction, image retrieval, cellular image analysis, molecular imaging, digital pathology, etc.

Statistical Regression and Classification

Statistical Regression and Classification PDF Author: Norman Matloff
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498710921
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 490

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Book Description
Statistical Regression and Classification: From Linear Models to Machine Learning takes an innovative look at the traditional statistical regression course, presenting a contemporary treatment in line with today's applications and users. The text takes a modern look at regression: * A thorough treatment of classical linear and generalized linear models, supplemented with introductory material on machine learning methods. * Since classification is the focus of many contemporary applications, the book covers this topic in detail, especially the multiclass case. * In view of the voluminous nature of many modern datasets, there is a chapter on Big Data. * Has special Mathematical and Computational Complements sections at ends of chapters, and exercises are partitioned into Data, Math and Complements problems. * Instructors can tailor coverage for specific audiences such as majors in Statistics, Computer Science, or Economics. * More than 75 examples using real data. The book treats classical regression methods in an innovative, contemporary manner. Though some statistical learning methods are introduced, the primary methodology used is linear and generalized linear parametric models, covering both the Description and Prediction goals of regression methods. The author is just as interested in Description applications of regression, such as measuring the gender wage gap in Silicon Valley, as in forecasting tomorrow's demand for bike rentals. An entire chapter is devoted to measuring such effects, including discussion of Simpson's Paradox, multiple inference, and causation issues. Similarly, there is an entire chapter of parametric model fit, making use of both residual analysis and assessment via nonparametric analysis. Norman Matloff is a professor of computer science at the University of California, Davis, and was a founder of the Statistics Department at that institution. His current research focus is on recommender systems, and applications of regression methods to small area estimation and bias reduction in observational studies. He is on the editorial boards of the Journal of Statistical Computation and the R Journal. An award-winning teacher, he is the author of The Art of R Programming and Parallel Computation in Data Science: With Examples in R, C++ and CUDA.

TALIS Positive, High-achieving Students? What Schools and Teachers Can Do

TALIS Positive, High-achieving Students? What Schools and Teachers Can Do PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264655581
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 182

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Book Description
The work of teachers matters in many different ways. Not only do they provide students with the knowledge and skills needed to thrive in the labour market, but they also help develop the social-emotional skills that are vital for students’ personal development and for their active citizenship.

Sparse Estimation with Math and Python

Sparse Estimation with Math and Python PDF Author: Joe Suzuki
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811614385
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 246

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Book Description
The most crucial ability for machine learning and data science is mathematical logic for grasping their essence rather than knowledge and experience. This textbook approaches the essence of sparse estimation by considering math problems and building Python programs. Each chapter introduces the notion of sparsity and provides procedures followed by mathematical derivations and source programs with examples of execution. To maximize readers’ insights into sparsity, mathematical proofs are presented for almost all propositions, and programs are described without depending on any packages. The book is carefully organized to provide the solutions to the exercises in each chapter so that readers can solve the total of 100 exercises by simply following the contents of each chapter. This textbook is suitable for an undergraduate or graduate course consisting of about 15 lectures (90 mins each). Written in an easy-to-follow and self-contained style, this book will also be perfect material for independent learning by data scientists, machine learning engineers, and researchers interested in linear regression, generalized linear lasso, group lasso, fused lasso, graphical models, matrix decomposition, and multivariate analysis. This book is one of a series of textbooks in machine learning by the same Author. Other titles are: Statistical Learning with Math and R (https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811575679) Statistical Learning with Math and Pyth (https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811578762) Sparse Estimation with Math and R

Sparse Estimation with Math and R

Sparse Estimation with Math and R PDF Author: Joe Suzuki
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 9811614466
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Book Description
The most crucial ability for machine learning and data science is mathematical logic for grasping their essence rather than knowledge and experience. This textbook approaches the essence of sparse estimation by considering math problems and building R programs. Each chapter introduces the notion of sparsity and provides procedures followed by mathematical derivations and source programs with examples of execution. To maximize readers’ insights into sparsity, mathematical proofs are presented for almost all propositions, and programs are described without depending on any packages. The book is carefully organized to provide the solutions to the exercises in each chapter so that readers can solve the total of 100 exercises by simply following the contents of each chapter. This textbook is suitable for an undergraduate or graduate course consisting of about 15 lectures (90 mins each). Written in an easy-to-follow and self-contained style, this book will also be perfect material for independent learning by data scientists, machine learning engineers, and researchers interested in linear regression, generalized linear lasso, group lasso, fused lasso, graphical models, matrix decomposition, and multivariate analysis. This book is one of a series of textbooks in machine learning by the same author. Other titles are: - Statistical Learning with Math and R (https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811575679) - Statistical Learning with Math and Python (https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811578762) - Sparse Estimation with Math and Python

Handbook of Research on Big Data Clustering and Machine Learning

Handbook of Research on Big Data Clustering and Machine Learning PDF Author: Garcia Marquez, Fausto Pedro
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1799801071
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 478

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Book Description
As organizations continue to develop, there is an increasing need for technological methods that can keep up with the rising amount of data and information that is being generated. Machine learning is a tool that has become powerful due to its ability to analyze large amounts of data quickly. Machine learning is one of many technological advancements that is being implemented into a multitude of specialized fields. An extensive study on the execution of these advancements within professional industries is necessary. The Handbook of Research on Big Data Clustering and Machine Learning is an essential reference source that synthesizes the analytic principles of clustering and machine learning to big data and provides an interface between the main disciplines of engineering/technology and the organizational, administrative, and planning abilities of management. Featuring research on topics such as project management, contextual data modeling, and business information systems, this book is ideally designed for engineers, economists, finance officers, marketers, decision makers, business professionals, industry practitioners, academicians, students, and researchers seeking coverage on the implementation of big data and machine learning within specific professional fields.