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Worth A Thousand Words

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance PDF Author: David Rios Insua
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000336166
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 172

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Book Description
Tackling the cybersecurity challenge is a matter of survival for society at large. Cyber attacks are rapidly increasing in sophistication and magnitude—and in their destructive potential. New threats emerge regularly, the last few years having seen a ransomware boom and distributed denial-of-service attacks leveraging the Internet of Things. For organisations, the use of cybersecurity risk management is essential in order to manage these threats. Yet current frameworks have drawbacks which can lead to the suboptimal allocation of cybersecurity resources. Cyber insurance has been touted as part of the solution – based on the idea that insurers can incentivize companies to improve their cybersecurity by offering premium discounts – but cyber insurance levels remain limited. This is because companies have difficulty determining which cyber insurance products to purchase, and insurance companies struggle to accurately assess cyber risk and thus develop cyber insurance products. To deal with these challenges, this volume presents new models for cybersecurity risk management, partly based on the use of cyber insurance. It contains: A set of mathematical models for cybersecurity risk management, including (i) a model to assist companies in determining their optimal budget allocation between security products and cyber insurance and (ii) a model to assist insurers in designing cyber insurance products. The models use adversarial risk analysis to account for the behavior of threat actors (as well as the behavior of companies and insurers). To inform these models, we draw on psychological and behavioural economics studies of decision-making by individuals regarding cybersecurity and cyber insurance. We also draw on organizational decision-making studies involving cybersecurity and cyber insurance. Its theoretical and methodological findings will appeal to researchers across a wide range of cybersecurity-related disciplines including risk and decision analysis, analytics, technology management, actuarial sciences, behavioural sciences, and economics. The practical findings will help cybersecurity professionals and insurers enhance cybersecurity and cyber insurance, thus benefiting society as a whole. This book grew out of a two-year European Union-funded project under Horizons 2020, called CYBECO (Supporting Cyber Insurance from a Behavioral Choice Perspective).

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance PDF Author: David Rios Insua
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000336166
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 172

View

Book Description
Tackling the cybersecurity challenge is a matter of survival for society at large. Cyber attacks are rapidly increasing in sophistication and magnitude—and in their destructive potential. New threats emerge regularly, the last few years having seen a ransomware boom and distributed denial-of-service attacks leveraging the Internet of Things. For organisations, the use of cybersecurity risk management is essential in order to manage these threats. Yet current frameworks have drawbacks which can lead to the suboptimal allocation of cybersecurity resources. Cyber insurance has been touted as part of the solution – based on the idea that insurers can incentivize companies to improve their cybersecurity by offering premium discounts – but cyber insurance levels remain limited. This is because companies have difficulty determining which cyber insurance products to purchase, and insurance companies struggle to accurately assess cyber risk and thus develop cyber insurance products. To deal with these challenges, this volume presents new models for cybersecurity risk management, partly based on the use of cyber insurance. It contains: A set of mathematical models for cybersecurity risk management, including (i) a model to assist companies in determining their optimal budget allocation between security products and cyber insurance and (ii) a model to assist insurers in designing cyber insurance products. The models use adversarial risk analysis to account for the behavior of threat actors (as well as the behavior of companies and insurers). To inform these models, we draw on psychological and behavioural economics studies of decision-making by individuals regarding cybersecurity and cyber insurance. We also draw on organizational decision-making studies involving cybersecurity and cyber insurance. Its theoretical and methodological findings will appeal to researchers across a wide range of cybersecurity-related disciplines including risk and decision analysis, analytics, technology management, actuarial sciences, behavioural sciences, and economics. The practical findings will help cybersecurity professionals and insurers enhance cybersecurity and cyber insurance, thus benefiting society as a whole. This book grew out of a two-year European Union-funded project under Horizons 2020, called CYBECO (Supporting Cyber Insurance from a Behavioral Choice Perspective).

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance PDF Author: David Rios Insua
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000336220
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 149

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Book Description
Tackling the cybersecurity challenge is a matter of survival for society at large. Cyber attacks are rapidly increasing in sophistication and magnitude—and in their destructive potential. New threats emerge regularly, the last few years having seen a ransomware boom and distributed denial-of-service attacks leveraging the Internet of Things. For organisations, the use of cybersecurity risk management is essential in order to manage these threats. Yet current frameworks have drawbacks which can lead to the suboptimal allocation of cybersecurity resources. Cyber insurance has been touted as part of the solution – based on the idea that insurers can incentivize companies to improve their cybersecurity by offering premium discounts – but cyber insurance levels remain limited. This is because companies have difficulty determining which cyber insurance products to purchase, and insurance companies struggle to accurately assess cyber risk and thus develop cyber insurance products. To deal with these challenges, this volume presents new models for cybersecurity risk management, partly based on the use of cyber insurance. It contains: A set of mathematical models for cybersecurity risk management, including (i) a model to assist companies in determining their optimal budget allocation between security products and cyber insurance and (ii) a model to assist insurers in designing cyber insurance products. The models use adversarial risk analysis to account for the behavior of threat actors (as well as the behavior of companies and insurers). To inform these models, we draw on psychological and behavioural economics studies of decision-making by individuals regarding cybersecurity and cyber insurance. We also draw on organizational decision-making studies involving cybersecurity and cyber insurance. Its theoretical and methodological findings will appeal to researchers across a wide range of cybersecurity-related disciplines including risk and decision analysis, analytics, technology management, actuarial sciences, behavioural sciences, and economics. The practical findings will help cybersecurity professionals and insurers enhance cybersecurity and cyber insurance, thus benefiting society as a whole. This book grew out of a two-year European Union-funded project under Horizons 2020, called CYBECO (Supporting Cyber Insurance from a Behavioral Choice Perspective).

Solving Cyber Risk

Solving Cyber Risk PDF Author: Andrew Coburn
Publisher: Wiley
ISBN: 1119490936
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
The non-technical handbook for cyber security risk management Solving Cyber Risk distills a decade of research into a practical framework for cyber security. Blending statistical data and cost information with research into the culture, psychology, and business models of the hacker community, this book provides business executives, policy-makers, and individuals with a deeper understanding of existing future threats, and an action plan for safeguarding their organizations. Key Risk Indicators reveal vulnerabilities based on organization type, IT infrastructure and existing security measures, while expert discussion from leading cyber risk specialists details practical, real-world methods of risk reduction and mitigation. By the nature of the business, your organization’s customer database is packed with highly sensitive information that is essentially hacker-bait, and even a minor flaw in security protocol could spell disaster. This book takes you deep into the cyber threat landscape to show you how to keep your data secure. Understand who is carrying out cyber-attacks, and why Identify your organization’s risk of attack and vulnerability to damage Learn the most cost-effective risk reduction measures Adopt a new cyber risk assessment and quantification framework based on techniques used by the insurance industry By applying risk management principles to cyber security, non-technical leadership gains a greater understanding of the types of threat, level of threat, and level of investment needed to fortify the organization against attack. Just because you have not been hit does not mean your data is safe, and hackers rely on their targets’ complacence to help maximize their haul. Solving Cyber Risk gives you a concrete action plan for implementing top-notch preventative measures before you’re forced to implement damage control.

Enhancing the Role of Insurance in Cyber Risk Management

Enhancing the Role of Insurance in Cyber Risk Management PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264282149
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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Book Description
This report provides an overview of the financial impact of cyber incidents, the coverage of cyber risk available in the insurance market, the challenges to market development and initiatives to address those challenges.

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement PDF Author: Keyun Ruan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128121580
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 186

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Book Description
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement: Principles of Cybernomics is a book about the future of risk and the future of value. It examines the indispensable role of economic modelling in the future of digitization, thus providing industry professionals with the tools they need to optimize the management of financial risks associated with this mega trend. The book addresses three problem areas: the valuation of digital assets, measurement of risk exposures of digital valuables, and economic modelling for the management of such risks. Employing a pair of novel cyber risk measurement units, bitmort and hekla, the book covers areas of value, risk, control and return, each of which are viewed from the perspective of entity (e.g., individual, organisation, business), portfolio (e.g., industry sector, nation-state) and global ramifications. Establishing adequate, holistic and statistically robust data points on the entity, portfolio and global levels for the development of a cybernomics databank is essential for the resilience of our shared digital future. This book also argues existing economic value theories no longer apply to the digital era due to the unique characteristics of digital assets. It introduces six laws of digital theory of value, with the aim to adapt economic value theories to the digital and machine era. Comprehensive literature review on existing digital asset valuation models, cyber risk management methods, security control frameworks, and economics of information security Discusses the implication of classical economic theories under the context of digitization, as well as the impact of rapid digitization on the future of value Analyses the fundamental attributes and measurable characteristics of digital assets as economic goods Discusses the scope and measurement of digital economy Highlights cutting-edge risk measurement practices regarding cyber security risk management Introduces novel concepts, models and theories, including opportunity value, Digital Valuation Model, six laws of digital theory of value, Cyber Risk Quadrant, and most importantly, cyber risk measures hekla and bitmort Introduces cybernomics, i.e., the integration of cyber risk management and economics to study the requirements of a databank in order to improve risk analytics solutions for 1) the valuation of digital assets, 2) the measurement of risk exposure of digital assets, and 3) the capital optimisation for managing residual cyber risk Provides a case study on cyber insurance

IoT Supply Chain Security Risk Analysis and Mitigation

IoT Supply Chain Security Risk Analysis and Mitigation PDF Author: Timothy Kieras
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3031084802
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 142

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Book Description
This SpringerBrief introduces methodologies and tools for quantitative understanding and assessment of supply chain risk to critical infrastructure systems. It unites system reliability analysis, optimization theory, detection theory and mechanism design theory to study vendor involvement in overall system security. It also provides decision support for risk mitigation. This SpringerBrief introduces I-SCRAM, a software tool to assess the risk. It enables critical infrastructure operators to make risk-informed decisions relating to the supply chain, while deploying their IT/OT and IoT systems. The authors present examples and case studies on supply chain risk assessment/mitigation of modern connected infrastructure systems such as autonomous vehicles, industrial control systems, autonomous truck platooning and more. It also discusses how vendors of different system components are involved in the overall security posture of the system and how the risk can be mitigated through vendor selection and diversification. The specific topics in this book include: Risk modeling and analysis of IoT supply chains Methodologies for risk mitigation, policy management, accountability, and cyber insurance Tutorial on a software tool for supply chain risk management of IoT These topics are supported by up-to-date summaries of the authors’ recent research findings. The authors introduce a taxonomy of supply chain security and discusses the future challenges and directions in securing the supply chains of IoT systems. It also focuses on the need for joint policy and technical solutions to counter the emerging risks, where technology should inform policy and policy should regulate technology development. This SpringerBrief has self-contained chapters, facilitating the readers to peruse individual topics of interest. It provides a broad understanding of the emerging field of cyber supply chain security in the context of IoT systems to academics, industry professionals and government officials.

The Cyber Risk Handbook

The Cyber Risk Handbook PDF Author: Domenic Antonucci
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119309727
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Book Description
Actionable guidance and expert perspective for real-world cybersecurity The Cyber Risk Handbook is the practitioner's guide to implementing, measuring and improving the counter-cyber capabilities of the modern enterprise. The first resource of its kind, this book provides authoritative guidance for real-world situations, and cross-functional solutions for enterprise-wide improvement. Beginning with an overview of counter-cyber evolution, the discussion quickly turns practical with design and implementation guidance for the range of capabilities expected of a robust cyber risk management system that is integrated with the enterprise risk management (ERM) system. Expert contributors from around the globe weigh in on specialized topics with tools and techniques to help any type or size of organization create a robust system tailored to its needs. Chapter summaries of required capabilities are aggregated to provide a new cyber risk maturity model used to benchmark capabilities and to road-map gap-improvement. Cyber risk is a fast-growing enterprise risk, not just an IT risk. Yet seldom is guidance provided as to what this means. This book is the first to tackle in detail those enterprise-wide capabilities expected by Board, CEO and Internal Audit, of the diverse executive management functions that need to team up with the Information Security function in order to provide integrated solutions. Learn how cyber risk management can be integrated to better protect your enterprise Design and benchmark new and improved practical counter-cyber capabilities Examine planning and implementation approaches, models, methods, and more Adopt a new cyber risk maturity model tailored to your enterprise needs The need to manage cyber risk across the enterprise—inclusive of the IT operations—is a growing concern as massive data breaches make the news on an alarmingly frequent basis. With a cyber risk management system now a business-necessary requirement, practitioners need to assess the effectiveness of their current system, and measure its gap-improvement over time in response to a dynamic and fast-moving threat landscape. The Cyber Risk Handbook brings the world's best thinking to bear on aligning that system to the enterprise and vice-a-versa. Every functional head of any organization must have a copy at-hand to understand their role in achieving that alignment.

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement PDF Author: Keyun Ruan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128123281
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement: Principles of Cybernomics is a book about the future of risk and the future of value. It examines the indispensable role of economic modeling in the future of digitization, thus providing industry professionals with the tools they need to optimize the management of financial risks associated with this megatrend. The book addresses three problem areas: the valuation of digital assets, measurement of risk exposures of digital valuables, and economic modeling for the management of such risks. Employing a pair of novel cyber risk measurement units, bitmort and hekla, the book covers areas of value, risk, control, and return, each of which are viewed from the perspective of entity (e.g., individual, organization, business), portfolio (e.g., industry sector, nation-state), and global ramifications. Establishing adequate, holistic, and statistically robust data points on the entity, portfolio, and global levels for the development of a cybernomics databank is essential for the resilience of our shared digital future. This book also argues existing economic value theories no longer apply to the digital era due to the unique characteristics of digital assets. It introduces six laws of digital theory of value, with the aim to adapt economic value theories to the digital and machine era. Comprehensive literature review on existing digital asset valuation models, cyber risk management methods, security control frameworks, and economics of information security Discusses the implication of classical economic theories under the context of digitization, as well as the impact of rapid digitization on the future of value Analyzes the fundamental attributes and measurable characteristics of digital assets as economic goods Discusses the scope and measurement of digital economy Highlights cutting-edge risk measurement practices regarding cybersecurity risk management Introduces novel concepts, models, and theories, including opportunity value, Digital Valuation Model, six laws of digital theory of value, Cyber Risk Quadrant, and most importantly, cyber risk measures hekla and bitmort Introduces cybernomics, that is, the integration of cyber risk management and economics to study the requirements of a databank in order to improve risk analytics solutions for (1) the valuation of digital assets, (2) the measurement of risk exposure of digital assets, and (3) the capital optimization for managing residual cyber risK Provides a case study on cyber insurance

Cyber Risk and Insurance for Transportation Infrastructure

Cyber Risk and Insurance for Transportation Infrastructure PDF Author: Gina Tonn
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 21

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Book Description
While advances in information technology and interconnectivity have improved efficiency for transportation infrastructure, they have also created higher risk associated with cyber systems. The objective of this study is to inform transportation policy and management in the U.S. by identifying barriers to a robust cyber insurance market and improved cyber resilience for transportation infrastructure. This is accomplished through a mixed-methods approach involving analysis of U.S. cyber incident data for transportation systems and a series of interviews with transportation infrastructure managers and insurers. Contributions include new insights into the nature of cyber risk for transportation infrastructure and recommendations on research needs to improve cyber risk management and insurance. Results indicate that the annual number of transport-related companies affected by cyber incidents and the associated costs are on the rise. The most common incidents involve data breaches, while incidents involving privacy violation have the highest average loss per incident. Cyber risk assessment, mitigation and security measures, and insurance are being implemented to varying degrees in transportation infrastructure systems but are generally inadequate. Infrastructure managers do not currently have the tools to rigorously assess and manage cyber risk. Limited data and models also inhibit the accurate modeling of cyber risk for insurance purposes. Even after improved tools and modeling are developed, insurance purchase can be an important risk management strategy to allow transportation infrastructure systems to recover from cyber incidents.

Cyberinsurance Policy

Cyberinsurance Policy PDF Author: Josephine Wolff
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262544180
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 291

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Book Description
Why cyberinsurance has not improved cybersecurity and what governments can do to make it a more effective tool for cyber risk management. As cybersecurity incidents—ranging from data breaches and denial-of-service attacks to computer fraud and ransomware—become more common, a cyberinsurance industry has emerged to provide coverage for any resulting liability, business interruption, extortion payments, regulatory fines, or repairs. In this book, Josephine Wolff offers the first comprehensive history of cyberinsurance, from the early “Internet Security Liability” policies in the late 1990s to the expansive coverage offered today. Drawing on legal records, government reports, cyberinsurance policies, and interviews with regulators and insurers, Wolff finds that cyberinsurance has not improved cybersecurity or reduced cyber risks. Wolff examines the development of cyberinsurance, comparing it to other insurance sectors, including car and flood insurance; explores legal disputes between insurers and policyholders about whether cyber-related losses were covered under policies designed for liability, crime, or property and casualty losses; and traces the trend toward standalone cyberinsurance policies and government efforts to regulate and promote the industry. Cyberinsurance, she argues, is ineffective at curbing cybersecurity losses because it normalizes the payment of online ransoms, whereas the goal of cybersecurity is the opposite—to disincentivize such payments to make ransomware less profitable. An industry built on modeling risk has found itself confronted by new technologies before the risks posed by those technologies can be fully understood.