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Worth A Thousand Words

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance PDF Author: David Rios Insua
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000336220
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 168

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Book Description
Tackling the cybersecurity challenge is a matter of survival for society at large. Cyber attacks are rapidly increasing in sophistication and magnitude—and in their destructive potential. New threats emerge regularly, the last few years having seen a ransomware boom and distributed denial-of-service attacks leveraging the Internet of Things. For organisations, the use of cybersecurity risk management is essential in order to manage these threats. Yet current frameworks have drawbacks which can lead to the suboptimal allocation of cybersecurity resources. Cyber insurance has been touted as part of the solution – based on the idea that insurers can incentivize companies to improve their cybersecurity by offering premium discounts – but cyber insurance levels remain limited. This is because companies have difficulty determining which cyber insurance products to purchase, and insurance companies struggle to accurately assess cyber risk and thus develop cyber insurance products. To deal with these challenges, this volume presents new models for cybersecurity risk management, partly based on the use of cyber insurance. It contains: A set of mathematical models for cybersecurity risk management, including (i) a model to assist companies in determining their optimal budget allocation between security products and cyber insurance and (ii) a model to assist insurers in designing cyber insurance products. The models use adversarial risk analysis to account for the behavior of threat actors (as well as the behavior of companies and insurers). To inform these models, we draw on psychological and behavioural economics studies of decision-making by individuals regarding cybersecurity and cyber insurance. We also draw on organizational decision-making studies involving cybersecurity and cyber insurance. Its theoretical and methodological findings will appeal to researchers across a wide range of cybersecurity-related disciplines including risk and decision analysis, analytics, technology management, actuarial sciences, behavioural sciences, and economics. The practical findings will help cybersecurity professionals and insurers enhance cybersecurity and cyber insurance, thus benefiting society as a whole. This book grew out of a two-year European Union-funded project under Horizons 2020, called CYBECO (Supporting Cyber Insurance from a Behavioral Choice Perspective).

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance

Security Risk Models for Cyber Insurance PDF Author: David Rios Insua
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000336220
Category : Mathematics
Languages : en
Pages : 168

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Book Description
Tackling the cybersecurity challenge is a matter of survival for society at large. Cyber attacks are rapidly increasing in sophistication and magnitude—and in their destructive potential. New threats emerge regularly, the last few years having seen a ransomware boom and distributed denial-of-service attacks leveraging the Internet of Things. For organisations, the use of cybersecurity risk management is essential in order to manage these threats. Yet current frameworks have drawbacks which can lead to the suboptimal allocation of cybersecurity resources. Cyber insurance has been touted as part of the solution – based on the idea that insurers can incentivize companies to improve their cybersecurity by offering premium discounts – but cyber insurance levels remain limited. This is because companies have difficulty determining which cyber insurance products to purchase, and insurance companies struggle to accurately assess cyber risk and thus develop cyber insurance products. To deal with these challenges, this volume presents new models for cybersecurity risk management, partly based on the use of cyber insurance. It contains: A set of mathematical models for cybersecurity risk management, including (i) a model to assist companies in determining their optimal budget allocation between security products and cyber insurance and (ii) a model to assist insurers in designing cyber insurance products. The models use adversarial risk analysis to account for the behavior of threat actors (as well as the behavior of companies and insurers). To inform these models, we draw on psychological and behavioural economics studies of decision-making by individuals regarding cybersecurity and cyber insurance. We also draw on organizational decision-making studies involving cybersecurity and cyber insurance. Its theoretical and methodological findings will appeal to researchers across a wide range of cybersecurity-related disciplines including risk and decision analysis, analytics, technology management, actuarial sciences, behavioural sciences, and economics. The practical findings will help cybersecurity professionals and insurers enhance cybersecurity and cyber insurance, thus benefiting society as a whole. This book grew out of a two-year European Union-funded project under Horizons 2020, called CYBECO (Supporting Cyber Insurance from a Behavioral Choice Perspective).

Solving Cyber Risk

Solving Cyber Risk PDF Author: Andrew Coburn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119490936
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 384

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Book Description
The non-technical handbook for cyber security risk management Solving Cyber Risk distills a decade of research into a practical framework for cyber security. Blending statistical data and cost information with research into the culture, psychology, and business models of the hacker community, this book provides business executives, policy-makers, and individuals with a deeper understanding of existing future threats, and an action plan for safeguarding their organizations. Key Risk Indicators reveal vulnerabilities based on organization type, IT infrastructure and existing security measures, while expert discussion from leading cyber risk specialists details practical, real-world methods of risk reduction and mitigation. By the nature of the business, your organization’s customer database is packed with highly sensitive information that is essentially hacker-bait, and even a minor flaw in security protocol could spell disaster. This book takes you deep into the cyber threat landscape to show you how to keep your data secure. Understand who is carrying out cyber-attacks, and why Identify your organization’s risk of attack and vulnerability to damage Learn the most cost-effective risk reduction measures Adopt a new cyber risk assessment and quantification framework based on techniques used by the insurance industry By applying risk management principles to cyber security, non-technical leadership gains a greater understanding of the types of threat, level of threat, and level of investment needed to fortify the organization against attack. Just because you have not been hit does not mean your data is safe, and hackers rely on their targets’ complacence to help maximize their haul. Solving Cyber Risk gives you a concrete action plan for implementing top-notch preventative measures before you’re forced to implement damage control.

Enhancing the Role of Insurance in Cyber Risk Management

Enhancing the Role of Insurance in Cyber Risk Management PDF Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264282149
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 140

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Book Description
This report provides an overview of the financial impact of cyber incidents, the coverage of cyber risk available in the insurance market, the challenges to market development and initiatives to address those challenges.

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement PDF Author: Keyun Ruan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128121580
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 206

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Book Description
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement: Principles of Cybernomics is a book about the future of risk and the future of value. It examines the indispensable role of economic modeling in the future of digitization, thus providing industry professionals with the tools they need to optimize the management of financial risks associated with this megatrend. The book addresses three problem areas: the valuation of digital assets, measurement of risk exposures of digital valuables, and economic modeling for the management of such risks. Employing a pair of novel cyber risk measurement units, bitmort and hekla, the book covers areas of value, risk, control, and return, each of which are viewed from the perspective of entity (e.g., individual, organization, business), portfolio (e.g., industry sector, nation-state), and global ramifications. Establishing adequate, holistic, and statistically robust data points on the entity, portfolio, and global levels for the development of a cybernomics databank is essential for the resilience of our shared digital future. This book also argues existing economic value theories no longer apply to the digital era due to the unique characteristics of digital assets. It introduces six laws of digital theory of value, with the aim to adapt economic value theories to the digital and machine era. Comprehensive literature review on existing digital asset valuation models, cyber risk management methods, security control frameworks, and economics of information security Discusses the implication of classical economic theories under the context of digitization, as well as the impact of rapid digitization on the future of value Analyzes the fundamental attributes and measurable characteristics of digital assets as economic goods Discusses the scope and measurement of digital economy Highlights cutting-edge risk measurement practices regarding cybersecurity risk management Introduces novel concepts, models, and theories, including opportunity value, Digital Valuation Model, six laws of digital theory of value, Cyber Risk Quadrant, and most importantly, cyber risk measures hekla and bitmort Introduces cybernomics, that is, the integration of cyber risk management and economics to study the requirements of a databank in order to improve risk analytics solutions for (1) the valuation of digital assets, (2) the measurement of risk exposure of digital assets, and (3) the capital optimization for managing residual cyber risK Provides a case study on cyber insurance

The Cyber Risk Handbook

The Cyber Risk Handbook PDF Author: Domenic Antonucci
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119309727
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 448

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Book Description
Actionable guidance and expert perspective for real-world cybersecurity The Cyber Risk Handbook is the practitioner's guide to implementing, measuring and improving the counter-cyber capabilities of the modern enterprise. The first resource of its kind, this book provides authoritative guidance for real-world situations, and cross-functional solutions for enterprise-wide improvement. Beginning with an overview of counter-cyber evolution, the discussion quickly turns practical with design and implementation guidance for the range of capabilities expected of a robust cyber risk management system that is integrated with the enterprise risk management (ERM) system. Expert contributors from around the globe weigh in on specialized topics with tools and techniques to help any type or size of organization create a robust system tailored to its needs. Chapter summaries of required capabilities are aggregated to provide a new cyber risk maturity model used to benchmark capabilities and to road-map gap-improvement. Cyber risk is a fast-growing enterprise risk, not just an IT risk. Yet seldom is guidance provided as to what this means. This book is the first to tackle in detail those enterprise-wide capabilities expected by Board, CEO and Internal Audit, of the diverse executive management functions that need to team up with the Information Security function in order to provide integrated solutions. Learn how cyber risk management can be integrated to better protect your enterprise Design and benchmark new and improved practical counter-cyber capabilities Examine planning and implementation approaches, models, methods, and more Adopt a new cyber risk maturity model tailored to your enterprise needs The need to manage cyber risk across the enterprise—inclusive of the IT operations—is a growing concern as massive data breaches make the news on an alarmingly frequent basis. With a cyber risk management system now a business-necessary requirement, practitioners need to assess the effectiveness of their current system, and measure its gap-improvement over time in response to a dynamic and fast-moving threat landscape. The Cyber Risk Handbook brings the world's best thinking to bear on aligning that system to the enterprise and vice-a-versa. Every functional head of any organization must have a copy at-hand to understand their role in achieving that alignment.

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement

Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement PDF Author: Keyun Ruan
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128123281
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 200

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Book Description
Digital Asset Valuation and Cyber Risk Measurement: Principles of Cybernomics is a book about the future of risk and the future of value. It examines the indispensable role of economic modeling in the future of digitization, thus providing industry professionals with the tools they need to optimize the management of financial risks associated with this megatrend. The book addresses three problem areas: the valuation of digital assets, measurement of risk exposures of digital valuables, and economic modeling for the management of such risks. Employing a pair of novel cyber risk measurement units, bitmort and hekla, the book covers areas of value, risk, control, and return, each of which are viewed from the perspective of entity (e.g., individual, organization, business), portfolio (e.g., industry sector, nation-state), and global ramifications. Establishing adequate, holistic, and statistically robust data points on the entity, portfolio, and global levels for the development of a cybernomics databank is essential for the resilience of our shared digital future. This book also argues existing economic value theories no longer apply to the digital era due to the unique characteristics of digital assets. It introduces six laws of digital theory of value, with the aim to adapt economic value theories to the digital and machine era. Comprehensive literature review on existing digital asset valuation models, cyber risk management methods, security control frameworks, and economics of information security Discusses the implication of classical economic theories under the context of digitization, as well as the impact of rapid digitization on the future of value Analyzes the fundamental attributes and measurable characteristics of digital assets as economic goods Discusses the scope and measurement of digital economy Highlights cutting-edge risk measurement practices regarding cybersecurity risk management Introduces novel concepts, models, and theories, including opportunity value, Digital Valuation Model, six laws of digital theory of value, Cyber Risk Quadrant, and most importantly, cyber risk measures hekla and bitmort Introduces cybernomics, that is, the integration of cyber risk management and economics to study the requirements of a databank in order to improve risk analytics solutions for (1) the valuation of digital assets, (2) the measurement of risk exposure of digital assets, and (3) the capital optimization for managing residual cyber risK Provides a case study on cyber insurance

Cyber-Risk Management

Cyber-Risk Management PDF Author: Atle Refsdal
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319235702
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 145

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Book Description
This book provides a brief and general introduction to cybersecurity and cyber-risk assessment. Not limited to a specific approach or technique, its focus is highly pragmatic and is based on established international standards (including ISO 31000) as well as industrial best practices. It explains how cyber-risk assessment should be conducted, which techniques should be used when, what the typical challenges and problems are, and how they should be addressed. The content is divided into three parts. First, part I provides a conceptual introduction to the topic of risk management in general and to cybersecurity and cyber-risk management in particular. Next, part II presents the main stages of cyber-risk assessment from context establishment to risk treatment and acceptance, each illustrated by a running example. Finally, part III details four important challenges and how to reasonably deal with them in practice: risk measurement, risk scales, uncertainty, and low-frequency risks with high consequence. The target audience is mainly practitioners and students who are interested in the fundamentals and basic principles and techniques of security risk assessment, as well as lecturers seeking teaching material. The book provides an overview of the cyber-risk assessment process, the tasks involved, and how to complete them in practice.

Computer Security

Computer Security PDF Author: Apostolos P. Fournaris
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030420515
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 279

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Book Description
This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Information & Operational Technology (IT & OT) security systems, IOSec 2019 , the First International Workshop on Model-driven Simulation and Training Environments, MSTEC 2019, and the First International Workshop on Security for Financial Critical Infrastructures and Services, FINSEC 2019, held in Luxembourg City, Luxembourg, in September 2019, in conjunction with the 24th European Symposium on Research in Computer Security, ESORICS 2019. The IOSec Workshop received 17 submissions from which 7 full papers were selected for presentation. They cover topics related to security architectures and frameworks for enterprises, SMEs, public administration or critical infrastructures, threat models for IT & OT systems and communication networks, cyber-threat detection, classification and pro ling, incident management, security training and awareness, risk assessment safety and security, hardware security, cryptographic engineering, secure software development, malicious code analysis as well as security testing platforms. From the MSTEC Workshop 7 full papers out of 15 submissions are included. The selected papers deal focus on the verification and validation (V&V) process, which provides the operational community with confidence in knowing that cyber models represent the real world, and discuss how defense training may benefit from cyber models. The FINSEC Workshop received 8 submissions from which 3 full papers and 1 short paper were accepted for publication. The papers reflect the objective to rethink cyber-security in the light of latest technology developments (e.g., FinTech, cloud computing, blockchain, BigData, AI, Internet-of-Things (IoT), mobile-first services, mobile payments).

Assessing and Insuring Cybersecurity Risk

Assessing and Insuring Cybersecurity Risk PDF Author: Ravi Das
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1000459977
Category : Business & Economics
Languages : en
Pages : 166

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Book Description
Remote workforces using VPNs, cloud-based infrastructure and critical systems, and a proliferation in phishing attacks and fraudulent websites are all raising the level of risk for every company. It all comes down to just one thing that is at stake: how to gauge a company’s level of cyber risk and the tolerance level for this risk. Loosely put, this translates to how much uncertainty an organization can tolerate before it starts to negatively affect mission critical flows and business processes. Trying to gauge this can be a huge and nebulous task for any IT security team to accomplish. Making this task so difficult are the many frameworks and models that can be utilized. It is very confusing to know which one to utilize in order to achieve a high level of security. Complicating this situation further is that both quantitative and qualitative variables must be considered and deployed into a cyber risk model. Assessing and Insuring Cybersecurity Risk provides an insight into how to gauge an organization’s particular level of cyber risk, and what would be deemed appropriate for the organization’s risk tolerance. In addition to computing the level of cyber risk, an IT security team has to determine the appropriate controls that are needed to mitigate cyber risk. Also to be considered are the standards and best practices that the IT security team has to implement for complying with such regulations and mandates as CCPA, GDPR, and the HIPAA. To help a security team to comprehensively assess an organization’s cyber risk level and how to insure against it, the book covers: The mechanics of cyber risk Risk controls that need to be put into place The issues and benefits of cybersecurity risk insurance policies GDPR, CCPA, and the the CMMC Gauging how much cyber risk and uncertainty an organization can tolerate is a complex and complicated task, and this book helps to make it more understandable and manageable.

Risks and Security of Internet and Systems

Risks and Security of Internet and Systems PDF Author: Nora Cuppens
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319766872
Category : Computers
Languages : en
Pages : 269

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Book Description
This book constitutes the revised selected papers from the 12th International Conference on Risk and Security of Internet and Systems, CRISIS 2017, held in Dinard, France, in September 2017.The 12 full papers and 5 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 42 submissions. They cover diverse research themes, ranging from classic topics, such as vulnerability analysis and classification; apps security; access control and filtering; cloud security; cyber-insurance and cyber threat intelligence; human-centric security and trust; and risk analysis.