Relativity in Modern Physics

Relativity in Modern Physics PDF Author: Nathalie Deruelle
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0191089664
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 704

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Book Description
This comprehensive textbook on relativity integrates Newtonian physics, special relativity and general relativity into a single book that emphasizes the deep underlying principles common to them all, yet explains how they are applied in different ways in these three contexts. Newton's ideas about how to represent space and time, his laws of dynamics, and his theory of gravitation established the conceptual foundation from which modern physics developed. Book I in this volume offers undergraduates a modern view of Newtonian theory, emphasizing those aspects needed for understanding quantum and relativistic contemporary physics. In 1905, Albert Einstein proposed a novel representation of space and time, special relativity. Book II presents relativistic dynamics in inertial and accelerated frames, as well as a detailed overview of Maxwell's theory of electromagnetism. This provides undergraduate and graduate students with the background necessary for studying particle and accelerator physics, astrophysics and Einstein's theory of general relativity. In 1915, Einstein proposed a new theory of gravitation, general relativity. Book III in this volume develops the geometrical framework in which Einstein's equations are formulated, and presents several key applications: black holes, gravitational radiation, and cosmology, which will prepare graduate students to carry out research in relativistic astrophysics, gravitational wave astronomy, and cosmology.

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics

Relativity and Quantum Mechanics PDF Author: Paul Fleisher
Publisher: Twenty-First Century Books
ISBN: 0822507072
Category : Juvenile Nonfiction
Languages : en
Pages : 64

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Book Description
Do you ever wonder why it seems like you are not moving even though you are standing on a planet that moves through space? How does matter turn into energy? From Lavoisier to Einstein, Planck, and Bohr, the basic principles of modern physics are revealed in an exciting and appealing way.

Modern Physics

Modern Physics PDF Author: Luca Salasnich
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 3030937437
Category : Electronic books
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description
This book offers an introduction to statistical mechanics, special relativity, and quantum physics. It is based on the lecture notes prepared for the one-semester course of "Quantum Physics" belonging to the Bachelor of Science in Material Sciences at the University of Padova. The first chapter briefly reviews the ideas of classical statistical mechanics introduced by James Clerk Maxwell, Ludwig Boltzmann, Willard Gibbs, and others. The second chapter is devoted to the special relativity of Albert Einstein. In the third chapter, it is historically analyzed the quantization of light due to Max Planck and Albert Einstein, while the fourth chapter discusses the Niels Bohr quantization of the energy levels and the electromagnetic transitions. The fifth chapter investigates the Schrodinger equation, which was obtained by Erwin Schrodinger from the idea of Louis De Broglie to associate to each particle a quantum wavelength. Chapter Six describes the basic axioms of quantum mechanics, which were formulated in the seminal books of Paul Dirac and John von Neumann. In chapter seven, there are several important application of quantum mechanics: the quantum particle in a box, the quantum particle in the harmonic potential, the quantum tunneling, the stationary perturbation theory, and the time-dependent perturbation theory. Chapter Eight is devoted to the study of quantum atomic physics with special emphasis on the spin of the electron, which needs the Dirac equation for a rigorous theoretical justification. In the ninth chapter, it is explained the quantum mechanics of many identical particles at zero temperature, while in Chapter Ten the discussion is extended to many quantum particles at finite temperature by introducing and using the quantum statistical mechanics. The four appendices on Dirac delta function, complex numbers, Fourier transform, and differential equations are a useful mathematical aid for the reader.

Challenging Modern Physics

Challenging Modern Physics PDF Author: Al Kelly
Publisher: Universal-Publishers
ISBN: 1581124376
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Newton's Laws held for 300 years until Einstein developed the 'special theory of relativity' in 1905. Experiments done since then show anomalies in that theory. This book starts with a description of the special theory of relativity. It is shown that Einstein was not the first to derive the famous equation E = mc2, which has become synonymous with his name. Next, experimental evidence that cannot be explained by special relativity is given. In the light of this evidence, the two basic postulates of the special theory of relativity on the behaviour of light are shown to be untenable. A new theory (universal relativity) is developed, which conforms to the experimental evidence. The movement of a conductor near a pole of a magnet and the movement of that pole near the conductor does not always give the same result. It has been claimed that this contradicts relativity theory. Experiments described in this book show that it is not special relativity but another basic law of physics that is contradicted - Faraday's Law. The Big Bang theory of the beginning of the universe is questioned and an alternative proposed. The source of much of the mysterious missing 'dark matter' that has been sought for decades by astronomers is located. An explanation of the shapes of some galaxies is proffered. This book presents an alternative to Einstein's special theory of relativity, solves many problems left unanswered by special relativity, gives a better fit to many phenomena and experimental data and is more philosophically appealing. It is recommended to all people interested in fundamental issues of physics and cosmology. Professor Andre Assis, Brazil The book treats its subject properly, not just as an impersonal set of equations, but rather as a developing saga full of human triumph and failure. One learns from both experimental results and simple logical argument that all is not well with modern physics. Dr. Neal Graneau, Oxford University, U.K. Irish engineer solves the dark secrets of space. Sunday Times, U.K. Einstein got relativity theory wrong. Bangkok Post, Thailand

Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics

Introduction to the Basic Concepts of Modern Physics PDF Author: Carlo Maria Becchi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319206303
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 243

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Book Description
This is the third edition of a well-received textbook on modern physics theory. This book provides an elementary but rigorous and self-contained presentation of the simplest theoretical framework that will meet the needs of undergraduate students. In addition, a number of examples of relevant applications and an appropriate list of solved problems are provided.Apart from a substantial extension of the proposed problems, the new edition provides more detailed discussion on Lorentz transformations and their group properties, a deeper treatment of quantum mechanics in a central potential, and a closer comparison of statistical mechanics in classical and in quantum physics. The first part of the book is devoted to special relativity, with a particular focus on space-time relativity and relativistic kinematics. The second part deals with Schrödinger's formulation of quantum mechanics. The presentation concerns mainly one-dimensional problems, but some three-dimensional examples are discussed in detail. The third part addresses the application of Gibbs’ statistical methods to quantum systems and in particular to Bose and Fermi gases.

Concepts of Modern Physics

Concepts of Modern Physics PDF Author: Mendel Sachs
Publisher: Imperial College Press
ISBN: 1860948391
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 144

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Book Description
This book highlights foundational issues in theoretical physics in an informal, open style of lecture. It expresses the flow of ideas in physics OCo from the period of Galileo and Newton to the contemporary ideas of the quantum and relativity theories, astrophysics and cosmology OCo as explanations for the laws of matter. Rather than presenting the ideas of physics as a fait accompli, the book leaves it up to the reader to decide which of these 20th-century ideas in science will carry over to the 21st century for our further comprehension of the laws of nature in all domains, from that of elementary particles to cosmology. It is the contention of the author that our future progress in physics comprehension will only take place when the foundational controversies between the quantum and relativity theories are recognized and discussion is given to their resolution. The book, therefore, presents an attitude not normally taken in other present-day books on subjects in contemporary theoretical physics and cosmology. Sample Chapter(s). Lecture I: Philosophy of Science (83 KB). Contents: Philosophy of Science; Classical Precursors for the Concepts of Modern Physics; Nineteenth Century Physics: Atomism and Continuity; Early Anomalies and Elementary Particles; From the Old Quantum Theory to Quantum Mechanics; Quantum Mechanics: Heisenberg''s Matrix Mechanics and the Copenhagen School; Concepts of the Theory of Relativity; From Special to General Relativity; The Universe; Conflicts in the Foundations of the Quantum and Relativity Theories. Readership: Academics, undergraduates, and graduates in physics and philosophy; interested general readers.

Relativity and Modern Physics

Relativity and Modern Physics PDF Author: George David Birkhoff
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Relativity (Physics)
Languages : en
Pages : 283

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Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and the Principles of Modern Physics

Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and the Principles of Modern Physics PDF Author: Huseyin Yilmaz
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Relativity (Physics).
Languages : en
Pages : 248

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Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and the Principles of Modern Physics

Introduction to the Theory of Relativity and the Principles of Modern Physics PDF Author: John L. Jinks
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Modern Classical Physics

Modern Classical Physics PDF Author: Kip S. Thorne
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 0691159025
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 1511

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Book Description
A groundbreaking text and reference book on twenty-first-century classical physics and its applications This first-year graduate-level text and reference book covers the fundamental concepts and twenty-first-century applications of six major areas of classical physics that every masters- or PhD-level physicist should be exposed to, but often isn't: statistical physics, optics (waves of all sorts), elastodynamics, fluid mechanics, plasma physics, and special and general relativity and cosmology. Growing out of a full-year course that the eminent researchers Kip Thorne and Roger Blandford taught at Caltech for almost three decades, this book is designed to broaden the training of physicists. Its six main topical sections are also designed so they can be used in separate courses, and the book provides an invaluable reference for researchers. Presents all the major fields of classical physics except three prerequisites: classical mechanics, electromagnetism, and elementary thermodynamics Elucidates the interconnections between diverse fields and explains their shared concepts and tools Focuses on fundamental concepts and modern, real-world applications Takes applications from fundamental, experimental, and applied physics; astrophysics and cosmology; geophysics, oceanography, and meteorology; biophysics and chemical physics; engineering and optical science and technology; and information science and technology Emphasizes the quantum roots of classical physics and how to use quantum techniques to elucidate classical concepts or simplify classical calculations Features hundreds of color figures, some five hundred exercises, extensive cross-references, and a detailed index An online illustration package is available