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Worth A Thousand Words

Ethics and the Future of Spying PDF Author: Jai Galliott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138820395
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 260

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Book Description
This volume examines the ethical issues generated by recent developments in intelligence collection and offers a.comprehenisve analysis of the key legal, moral and social questions thereby raised. Foreign and domestic intelligence agencies have received an exponential increase in their levels of funding and public support in the decade after the September 11 terrorist attacks, but have now entered a period of broad public scrutiny and skepticism. This is because despite the huge investment in the human and financial resources of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its data-collection partners abroad, the large majority of Western nations remain vulnerable to unconventional threats. On a number fronts – interrogation, torture, drone strikes and electronic surveillance – critics from both inside and outside government are now starting to question the purpose, reach and moral authority of the United States-led intelligence establishment. In many respects, the way in which the huge budgets and increasing power of intelligence agencies have collided with public opinion is reminiscent of the scandal-reform cycle that took place nearly four decades ago. In the mid-1970s, a US Senate Committee led by Frank Church produced multiple volumes of information detailing intelligence failures and the abuses of power in relation to the CIA's assassination schemes, the Federal Bureau of Investigation's harassment of Martin Luther King and the National Security Agency's (NSA) efforts to spy on nearly 80,000 American citizens. The scandal resulted in sweeping reforms and the creation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act that requires court approval to eavesdrop on American soil, a presidential ban on extrajudicial assassination and the establishment of the Senate and House Intelligence Committees that were supposed to provide ethical oversight of the various intelligence agencies. While these reforms were stunning at the time, they were not enough and it is now time for all those affected by US intelligence collection practices to investigate their ethical, legal and social implications.All of this takes place in absolute secrecy, with the exception of the occasional leak from concerned individuals, which is moral issue in itself. The problem here is that by definition, a democracy revolves around an informed and engaged citizenry. The aim of this volume is to give some insight into the workings of the intelligence community and to provide the first comprehensive and unifying analysis of the relevant moral, legal and social questions, with a view toward developing policy that may influence real-world decision making. It contains sections on interrogation and torture, intelligence's relation to war, remote killing, cyber surveillance, responsibility and governance. This book will be of much interest to students of ethics, intelligence studies, security studies, foreign policy and IR in general.

Ethics and the Future of Spying

Ethics and the Future of Spying PDF Author: Jai Galliott
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781138820395
Category : Philosophy
Languages : en
Pages : 260

View

Book Description
This volume examines the ethical issues generated by recent developments in intelligence collection and offers a.comprehenisve analysis of the key legal, moral and social questions thereby raised. Foreign and domestic intelligence agencies have received an exponential increase in their levels of funding and public support in the decade after the September 11 terrorist attacks, but have now entered a period of broad public scrutiny and skepticism. This is because despite the huge investment in the human and financial resources of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and its data-collection partners abroad, the large majority of Western nations remain vulnerable to unconventional threats. On a number fronts – interrogation, torture, drone strikes and electronic surveillance – critics from both inside and outside government are now starting to question the purpose, reach and moral authority of the United States-led intelligence establishment. In many respects, the way in which the huge budgets and increasing power of intelligence agencies have collided with public opinion is reminiscent of the scandal-reform cycle that took place nearly four decades ago. In the mid-1970s, a US Senate Committee led by Frank Church produced multiple volumes of information detailing intelligence failures and the abuses of power in relation to the CIA's assassination schemes, the Federal Bureau of Investigation's harassment of Martin Luther King and the National Security Agency's (NSA) efforts to spy on nearly 80,000 American citizens. The scandal resulted in sweeping reforms and the creation of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act that requires court approval to eavesdrop on American soil, a presidential ban on extrajudicial assassination and the establishment of the Senate and House Intelligence Committees that were supposed to provide ethical oversight of the various intelligence agencies. While these reforms were stunning at the time, they were not enough and it is now time for all those affected by US intelligence collection practices to investigate their ethical, legal and social implications.All of this takes place in absolute secrecy, with the exception of the occasional leak from concerned individuals, which is moral issue in itself. The problem here is that by definition, a democracy revolves around an informed and engaged citizenry. The aim of this volume is to give some insight into the workings of the intelligence community and to provide the first comprehensive and unifying analysis of the relevant moral, legal and social questions, with a view toward developing policy that may influence real-world decision making. It contains sections on interrogation and torture, intelligence's relation to war, remote killing, cyber surveillance, responsibility and governance. This book will be of much interest to students of ethics, intelligence studies, security studies, foreign policy and IR in general.

The Future Faces of War

The Future Faces of War PDF Author: Jennifer Dabbs Sciubba
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 031336494X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Book Description
This comprehensive and clear volume reveals the numerous ways demographic trends such as age structure, composition, and migration influence national security. * A short glossary pointing out definitions of commonly used demographic terms * An index to direct readers to particular trends or implications, such as youth bulge or civil conflict

Organizing for National Security

Organizing for National Security PDF Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Government Operations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Executive departments
Languages : en
Pages : 1042

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Book Description


The National Security Adviser, Role and Accountability

The National Security Adviser, Role and Accountability PDF Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Foreign Relations
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : National security
Languages : en
Pages : 243

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Book Description


The Future of NATO

The Future of NATO PDF Author: S. Nelson Drew
Publisher: Praeger Pub Text
ISBN:
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 206

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Book Description
How should NATO's military strategy and force posture in Western Europe be handled given today's changing relations between East and West? Five relatively senior U.S. military officers spent a year exploring this issue as National Security Fellows at the Kennedy School of Harvard University. The Future of NATO serves as a reference based upon their analyses of the changes in the Soviet security posture and the political response of Western Europe to the collapse of the Warsaw pact. It is an analytical tool that deals with the requirements that any new NATO strategy will have to meet to be relevant. It is a catalyst for discussion based on the proposal to replace forward defense strategy with resilient defense. Resilient defense articulates one way in which the United States and NATO can accommodate the pressures for reduced defense spending in the face of a reduced military threat. Resilient defense is evolutionary rather than revolutionary in nature. It takes advantage of increased warning time to permit a strategy that draws heavily on existing mobilization capabilities. The strategy assumes cuts in active forces, yet it is designed to maintain a conventional defense capability across even deeper cuts by making more efficient use of lower levels of forces. This volume deals with more than just the political elements of the NATO alliance or details of military strategies. It also studies the interrelationship among political, economic, and military requirements underpinning Alliance security. Those concerned with military strategy and international security affairs will find this work timely and relevant.

The National Security Doctrines of the American Presidency

The National Security Doctrines of the American Presidency PDF Author: Lamont Colucci
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 0313392285
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 822

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Book Description
The fundamental driver of American national security and U.S. foreign policy are the undercurrents of American grand strategy represented by presidential national security doctrines. There has been a dearth of work on all of the doctrines of the American presidency and, worse yet, an incomplete understanding of how these doctrines continue to shape policy. Further, recognition of this need for both doctrine and grand strategy can assist the United States in guiding the nation through the coming storms and tribulations. We are witness to the second presidential campaign in a row where issues of national security are rarely mentioned, with no mention of grand strategy at all. There is an economic recession, which has inclined the American electorate toward inward thinking, and they have grown fearful or resentful of what some in the media call foreign adventures. There is also naturally war weariness, primarily caused by a lack of grand strategy implementation that has prolonged conflicts that should have been resolved earlier. Iraq and Afghanistan's battlefield environment could have been long over had the United States fully utilized the historic grand strategy themes outlined in this work. The main job of the president is not jobs, or education, or social security -- it is, was, and always will be, national security.

Studies in Intelligence

Studies in Intelligence PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Intelligence service
Languages : en
Pages :

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Book Description


Cyberspace and National Security

Cyberspace and National Security PDF Author: Derek S. Reveron
Publisher: Georgetown University Press
ISBN: 1589019180
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
In a very short time, individuals and companies have harnessed cyberspace to create new industries, a vibrant social space, and a new economic sphere that are intertwined with our everyday lives. At the same time, individuals, subnational groups, and governments are using cyberspace to advance interests through malicious activity. Terrorists recruit, train, and target through the Internet, hackers steal data, and intelligence services conduct espionage. Still, the vast majority of cyberspace is civilian space used by individuals, businesses, and governments for legitimate purposes. Cyberspace and National Security brings together scholars, policy analysts, and information technology executives to examine current and future threats to cyberspace. They discuss various approaches to advance and defend national interests, contrast the US approach with European, Russian, and Chinese approaches, and offer new ways and means to defend interests in cyberspace and develop offensive capabilities to compete there. Policymakers and strategists will find this book to be an invaluable resource in their efforts to ensure national security and answer concerns about future cyberwarfare.

U.S. National Security Strategy

U.S. National Security Strategy PDF Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Armed Services
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Military planning
Languages : en
Pages : 112

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Book Description


Buying National Security

Buying National Security PDF Author: Gordon Adams
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135172919
Category : Political Science
Languages : en
Pages : 348

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Book Description
The tools of American statecraft—defense, diplomacy, foreign and security assistance, homeland security and intelligence—are rarely examined together. Adams and Williams fill this gap by examining how these tools work, how they are planned for, and how they are budgeted. Seeing policy through the lens of the budget can help decision makers and ordinary citizens discern the genuine priorities of national leaders from the oftentimes illusory ones portrayed in rhetoric. Simply put, policies and strategies cannot be carried out without a corresponding allocation of resources. Buying National Security weaves a tapestry around the institutions, organizations, tools, and processes that support planning and resource allocation across the breadth of the American national security enterprise. The authors analyze the planning and resource integration activities across agencies of the Executive branch as well as examine the structure and processes the Congress uses to carry out its national security oversight and budgetary responsibilities. Finally, they review the adequacy of the current structures and process and evaluate proposals for ways both might be reformed to fit the demands of the 21st century security environment.