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Worth A Thousand Words

Molecular Biology of Long Non-coding RNAs PDF Author: Ahmad M. Khalil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461486211
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 227

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Book Description
​Long non-coding RNAs (lnc)RNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified and observed in a wide range of organisms. Unlike mRNA, lncRNA have no protein-coding capacity. ​So, while their function is not entirely clear, they may serve as key organizers of protein complexes that allow for higher order regulatory events. Discovering these functions has been the result of intense research done of the last few years, and lncRNA research has had several critical developments during that time. This book will consolidate these ideas and models to better examine the most important issues in lncRNA biology. This will include critical studies that have led to the discovery and annotation of lncRNAs in numerous species, and the molecular mechanisms for a few lncRNA that have begun to emerge.

Molecular Biology of Long Non-coding RNAs

Molecular Biology of Long Non-coding RNAs PDF Author: Ahmad M. Khalil
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461486211
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 227

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Book Description
​Long non-coding RNAs (lnc)RNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified and observed in a wide range of organisms. Unlike mRNA, lncRNA have no protein-coding capacity. ​So, while their function is not entirely clear, they may serve as key organizers of protein complexes that allow for higher order regulatory events. Discovering these functions has been the result of intense research done of the last few years, and lncRNA research has had several critical developments during that time. This book will consolidate these ideas and models to better examine the most important issues in lncRNA biology. This will include critical studies that have led to the discovery and annotation of lncRNAs in numerous species, and the molecular mechanisms for a few lncRNA that have begun to emerge.

Plant Long Non-Coding RNAs

Plant Long Non-Coding RNAs PDF Author: Julia A. Chekanova
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493990443
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 480

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Book Description
This volume focuses on various approaches to studying long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), including techniques for finding lncRNAs, localization, and observing their functions. The chapters in this book cover how to catalog lncRNAs in various plant species; determining subcellular localization; protein interactions; structures; and RNA modifications. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Cutting-edge and innovative, Plant Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols is a valuable resource that aids researchers in understanding the functions of lncRNAs in different plant species, and helps them explore currently uncharted facets of plant biology.

Non-Coding RNAs

Non-Coding RNAs PDF Author: Jan Barciszewski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306478352
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 292

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Book Description
General inspection of a role performed in the cell by RNAs allows us to distinguish three major groups of transcripts: I. protein-coding mRNAs, II. non-coding housekeeping and III. regulatory RNAs. The housekeeping RNAs include RNA classes that are generally, constitutively expressed and whose presence is required for normal function and viability of the cells. On the other hand, a group of regulatory RNAs includes RNA species that are expressed at certain stages of organism development or cell differentiation or as a response to external stimuli and can affect expression of other genes on the levels of transcription or translation. Non-coding RNA transcripts form a heterogeneous class of RNAs that can not be characterized by a single specific function. Initially, the term non-coding RNA (ncRNA) was used primarily to describe polyadenylated and a capped eukaryotic RNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II, but lacking long open reading frames. Now, this definition can be extended to cover all RNA transcripts that do not show protein-coding capacity and is sometimes used to describe any RNA that does not encode protein, including introns. This book is an in-depth look at the function of Non-Coding RNAs and their relationship to Molecular Biology and Molecular Biology.

Long Noncoding RNAs

Long Noncoding RNAs PDF Author: Riki Kurokawa
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 4431555765
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 257

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Book Description
This book presents a common principle of actions of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) from points of view at the atomic, molecular and cellular levels. At the atomic level, chemical studies of ribonucleic acids explain the chemical behavior of lncRNAs. Structural biological analysis of lncRNAs and its binding proteins also reveal the precise mechanisms of their actions. Molecular biological approaches lead to insights into molecular mechanisms of these lncRNA actions. At the cellular or individual level of analysis, we grasp the biology and medicine of lncRNAs. These three layers of approaches are thoroughly new and produce novel insights into functions of lncRNAs in living cells. The book consists of five parts: 1) Bioinformatics and other methodologies for lncRNAs, 2) Atomic and molecular structures of lncRNAs, 3) Molecular functions of lncRNAs, 4) Biological actions of lncRNAs, and 5) Potential outcomes for clinical medicine. These sections connect well and work synergistically. The book is for researchers whose specialty is RNA biology and chemistry and also for advanced students at the graduate and undergraduate levels. Readers can grasp the leading edge of lncRNA studies in a comprehensive manner and are inspired to pursue their own particular interests.

Functional Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs

Functional Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs PDF Author: Haiming Cao
Publisher: Humana
ISBN: 9781071611609
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 351

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Book Description
This detailed volume presents a comprehensive bioinformatic and experimental toolbox for prioritizing, annotating, and functionally analyzing long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Playing a vital role in diverse biological progresses and human disease, lncRNAs have proven to be a challenging subject of study due to our limited understanding of their sequence-function relationships, lack of complete genetic annotation, and the unavailability of systems required to define their functional importance and molecular mechanisms, all of which this book seeks to address. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Functional Analysis of Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols provides a timely and convenient resource to facilitate the identification and characterization of disease-associated human lncRNAs, which aims to shed light on their role in biology and pathophysiology and ultimately lead toward novel therapeutic approaches targeting lncRNAs for the amelioration of human diseases.

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs PDF Author: Stefan Jurga
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 303044743X
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 545

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Book Description
This book offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of various aspects of long non-coding RNAs. It discusses their emerging significance in molecular medicine, ranging from human cancers to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Transcriptomic studies have demonstrated that the majority of genomes found in complex organisms are expressed in highly dynamic and cell-specific patterns, producing huge numbers of intergenic, antisense and intronic long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified, and unlike mRNA, they have no protein-coding capacity. A large repertoire of ncRNAs, actively transcribed from the mammalian genome, control diverse cellular processes, both in terms of development and diseases, through a variety of gene regulatory mechanisms. IncRNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Given its scope, the book will be of particular interest to molecular, chemical, cell and developmental biologists, as well as specialists in translational medicine involved in disease-oriented research. It also offers a valuable resource for in silico experts seeking a deeper understanding of lncRNA expression and function through computational analysis of the NGS data.

Long Non-Coding Rnas: Methods and Protocols

Long Non-Coding Rnas: Methods and Protocols PDF Author: Yi Feng
Publisher: Methods in Molecular Biology
ISBN: 9781493980352
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 312

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Book Description
This volume assembles a broad spectrum of methods used in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) research, ranging from computational annotation of lncRNA genes to molecular and cellular analyses of the function of individual lncRNA. Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols also discusses methods used to study circular RNAs and RNA splicing, as well as influential findings on lncRNA in human diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols is a must-have for molecular biologists, cell and developmental biologists, specialists who conduct disease-oriented research, and bioinformatics experts who seek a better understanding on lncRNA expression and function by computational analysis of the massive sequencing data that are rapidly accumulating in recent years.

Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer

Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer PDF Author: Alfons Navarro
Publisher: Humana
ISBN: 9781071615836
Category : Medical
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
This volume presents techniques needed for the study of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in cancer from their identification to functional characterization. Chapters guide readers through identification of lncRNA expression signatures in cancer tissue or liquid biopsies by RNAseq, single Cell RNAseq, Phospho RNAseq or Nanopore Sequencing techniques; validation of lncRNA signatures by Real time PCR, digital PCR or in situ hybridization; and functional analysis by siRNA or CRISPR based methods for lncRNA silencing or overexpression. Lipid based nanoparticles for delivery of siRNAs in vivo, lncRNA-protein interactions, viral lncRNAs and circRNAs are also treated in this volume. Written in the format of the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, each chapter includes an introduction to the topic, lists necessary materials and reagents, includes tips on troubleshooting and known pitfalls, and step-by-step, readily reproducible protocols. Authoritative and practical, Long Non-Coding RNAs in Cancer aims to provide a collection of laboratory protocols, bioinformatic pipelines, and review chapters to further research in this vital field.

Noncoding RNAs

Noncoding RNAs PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781601295026
Category : Catalytic RNA.
Languages : en
Pages : 274

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Book Description
Non-coding RNA transcripts form a heterogeneous class of RNAs that can not be characterized by a single specific function. This book takes a look at the function of Non-Coding RNAs and their relationship to molecular biology.

Long Non-Coding RNAs

Long Non-Coding RNAs PDF Author: Durdica Ugarkovic
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642165028
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 208

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Book Description
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), tentatively defined as ncRNAs of more than two hundred nucleotides in length, are characterized by the complexity and diversity of their sequences and mechanisms of action. Based on genome-wide studies, more than 3,300 of them exist, but to date only the limited number of functional lncRNAs have been identified and characterized. Nonetheless, lncRNAs have emerged as key molecules involved in the control of transcriptional and posttranscriptional gene regulatory pathways. They take part in the recruitment of chromatin modifying complexes and regulate splicing, localization, stability and translation of the target mRNAs. This book provides an overview of the rapidly advancing field of long ncRNAs, describing the epigenetic and non-epigenetic mechanisms by which they regulate various biological functions in model systems, from yeast to mammals. The role of ncRNAs in sex chromosome dosage compensation in flies and mammals is described, as well as their role in centromere and telomere biology. Long non-coding RNAs involved in environmental stress response and development are presented and their mechanisms of action discussed.