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Worth A Thousand Words

How the Gospels Became History PDF Author: M. David Litwa
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300242638
Category : Bible
Languages : en
Pages : 311

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Book Description
A compelling comparison of the gospels and Greco-Roman mythology which shows that the gospels were not perceived as myths, but as historical records Did the early Christians believe their myths? Like most ancient--and modern--people, early Christians made efforts to present their myths in the most believable ways. In this eye-opening work, M. David Litwa explores how and why what later became the four canonical gospels take on a historical cast that remains vitally important for many Christians today. Offering an in-depth comparison with other Greco-Roman stories that have been shaped to seem like history, Litwa shows how the evangelists responded to the pressures of Greco-Roman literary culture by using well-known historiographical tropes such as the mention of famous rulers and kings, geographical notices, the introduction of eyewitnesses, vivid presentation, alternative reports, and so on. In this way, the evangelists deliberately shaped myths about Jesus into historical discourse to maximize their believability for ancient audiences.

How the Gospels Became History

How the Gospels Became History PDF Author: M. David Litwa
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300242638
Category : Bible
Languages : en
Pages : 311

View

Book Description
A compelling comparison of the gospels and Greco-Roman mythology which shows that the gospels were not perceived as myths, but as historical records Did the early Christians believe their myths? Like most ancient--and modern--people, early Christians made efforts to present their myths in the most believable ways. In this eye-opening work, M. David Litwa explores how and why what later became the four canonical gospels take on a historical cast that remains vitally important for many Christians today. Offering an in-depth comparison with other Greco-Roman stories that have been shaped to seem like history, Litwa shows how the evangelists responded to the pressures of Greco-Roman literary culture by using well-known historiographical tropes such as the mention of famous rulers and kings, geographical notices, the introduction of eyewitnesses, vivid presentation, alternative reports, and so on. In this way, the evangelists deliberately shaped myths about Jesus into historical discourse to maximize their believability for ancient audiences.

Luke among the Ancient Historians

Luke among the Ancient Historians PDF Author: John J. Peters
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1666724912
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
For centuries scholars have analyzed the composition of Luke-Acts presupposing that the reference to “many” accounts in Luke’s Preface indicates the written texts which served as the author’s primary sources of information. To justify this portrait of Luke as a text-based author, scholars have appealed to analogies with the text-based authors Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Diodorus Siculus, Plutarch, and Arrian. Luke among the Ancient Historians challenges this portrait of Luke’s method through surveying the origins and development of ancient Greek historiography in chapters on Herodotus, Thucydides, Polybius, Josephus, and Luke. By focusing on the values and practices of ancient historians, Peters demonstrates not only that ancient authors following the model of Thucydides regarded the testimony of eyewitnesses, as opposed to texts, as the proper sources for historians but that Luke emulated the values, practices, and craft terminology of the contemporary historiographical tradition. Taking seriously the self-presentation of Luke as a reporter of contemporary events who claims to write on the basis of “eyewitnesses from the beginning,” and personal investigation, this book argues against analogies with text-based historians who wrote about non-contemporary events and instead situates Luke within a portrait of the values and practices of historians of contemporary events.

Candid Questions Concerning Gospel Form Criticism

Candid Questions Concerning Gospel Form Criticism PDF Author: Erhardt Guttgemanns
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 0915138247
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 437

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A History and Critique of the Origin of the Marcan Hypothesis, 1835-1866

A History and Critique of the Origin of the Marcan Hypothesis, 1835-1866 PDF Author: Hajo Uden Meyboom
Publisher: Mercer University Press
ISBN: 9780865544079
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 234

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Mission in the Gospels

Mission in the Gospels PDF Author: Geoffrey Harris
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
ISBN: 1620320819
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 304

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Book Description
Mission in the Gospels considers the gospels through a twin lens: first, the nature of Jesus' own mission (as understood by the evangelists), and secondly, the desire of the gospel writers and their churches to gain some understanding of their own mission by interpreting Jesus' attitudes and actions (especially with regard to the Gentiles). The principles for mission that arise out of this investigation shed a good deal of new light on the gospels and the motives for their writing and on their theological insights.

Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus (4 vols)

Handbook for the Study of the Historical Jesus (4 vols) PDF Author: Tom Holmén
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004210210
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 3739

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Book Description
With ca. 120 articles from ca. 100 writers from ca. 20 countries, this publication forms a repository where students and scholars can readily get to know their way around the breadth of recent research on the historical Jesus.

Historicism

Historicism PDF Author: Herman Paul
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1350121967
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 288

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Book Description
Throughout the twentieth century, scholars, artists and politicians have accused each other of “historicism.” But what exactly did this mean? Judging by existing scholarship, the answers varied enormously. Like many other “isms,” historicism could mean nearly everything, to the point of becoming meaningless. Yet the questions remain: What made generations of scholars throughout the humanities and social sciences worry about historicism? Why did even musicians and members of parliament warn against historicism? And what explains this remarkable career of the term across generations, fields, regions, and languages? Focusing on the “travels” that historicism made, this volume uses historicism as a prism for exploring connections between disciplines and intellectual traditions usually studied in isolation from each other. It shows how generations of sociologists, theologians, and historians tried to avoid pitfalls associated with historicism and explains why the term was heavily charged with emotions like anxiety, anger, and worry. While offering fresh interpretations of classic authors such as Friedrich Meinecke, Karl Löwith, and Leo Strauss, this volume highlights how historicism took on new meanings, connotations, and emotional baggage in the course of its travels through time and place.

Gospels before the Book

Gospels before the Book PDF Author: Matthew Larsen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190848596
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 224

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Book Description
What does it look like to read the texts we now call the gospels like first- and second-century readers? There is no evidence of anyone regarding the gospel as a book published by an author until the end of the second century. So, put differently, what does it mean to read the gospels "before the book"? For centuries, the ways people discuss the gospels have been shaped by later ideas that have more to do with the printing press and modern notions of the author than ancient writing and reading practices. In Gospels before the Book, Matthew D. C. Larsen challenges several subtle yet problematic assumptions about authors, books, and publication at work in early Christian studies. He then explores a host of under-appreciated elements of ancient textual culture such as unfinished texts, accidental publication, post-publication revision, and the existence of multiple authorized versions of the same work. Turning to the gospels, he argues that the earliest readers and users of the text we now call the Gospel according to Mark treated it not as a book published by an author, but as an unfinished, open, and fluid collection of notes (hypomnmata). In such a scenario, the Gospel according to Matthew would not be regarded as a separate book published by a different author, but as a continuation of the same unfinished gospel tradition. Similarly it is not the case that, of the five different endings in the textual tradition we now call the Gospel according to Mark, one is "right" and the others are "wrong." Rather each represents its own effort to fill a perceived deficiency in the gospel. Larsen offers a new methodological framework for future scholarship on early Christian gospels.

Posthuman Transformation in Ancient Mediterranean Thought

Posthuman Transformation in Ancient Mediterranean Thought PDF Author: M. David Litwa
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1108843999
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 207

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Book Description
Ancient theories of posthuman transformation can shape, chasten, and reform modern (biotechnical) theories of posthuman enhancement.

Christianity: Its Evidences, Its Origin, Its Morality, Its History

Christianity: Its Evidences, Its Origin, Its Morality, Its History PDF Author: Annie Besant
Publisher: Jazzybee Verlag
ISBN: 3849604551
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 285

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Book Description
The origin of all religions, and the ignorance which is the root of the God-idea,leads to the duty to investigate the evidences of the origin and of the growth of Christianity, to examine its morality and its dogmas, to study the history of its supposed founder, to trace out its symbols and its ceremonies; in fine, to show cause for its utter rejection by the Freethinker. Annie Besant was a prominent British socialist, Theosophist, women's rights activist, writer and orator and supporter of Irish and Indian self-rule.