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Worth A Thousand Words

Complementizer Semantics in European Languages PDF Author: Kasper Boye
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110416662
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 910

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Book Description
Complementizers may be defined as conjunctions that have the function of identifying clauses as complements. In recent years, it has become increasingly clear that they have additional functions. Some of these functions are semantic in the sense that they represent conventional contributions to the meanings of the complements. The present book puts a focus to these semantic complementizer functions.

Complementizer Semantics in European Languages

Complementizer Semantics in European Languages PDF Author: Kasper Boye
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110416662
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 910

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Book Description
Complementizers may be defined as conjunctions that have the function of identifying clauses as complements. In recent years, it has become increasingly clear that they have additional functions. Some of these functions are semantic in the sense that they represent conventional contributions to the meanings of the complements. The present book puts a focus to these semantic complementizer functions.

Complementizer Semantics in European Languages

Complementizer Semantics in European Languages PDF Author: Kasper Boye
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110416611
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 910

View

Book Description
Complementizers may be defined as conjunctions that have the function of identifying clauses as complements. In recent years, it has become increasingly clear that they have additional functions. Some of these functions are semantic in the sense that they represent conventional contributions to the meanings of the complements. The present book puts a focus to these semantic complementizer functions.

Evidential Marking in European Languages

Evidential Marking in European Languages PDF Author: Björn Wiemer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110726076
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 749

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Book Description
How are evidential functions distinguished by means other than grammatical paradigms, i.e. by function words and other lexical units? And how inventories of such means can be compared across languages (against an account also of grammatical means used to mark information source)? This book presents an attempt at supplying a comparative survey of such inventories by giving detailed “evidential profiles” for a large part of European languages: Continental Germanic, English, French, Basque, Russian, Polish, Lithuanian, Modern Greek, and Ibero-Romance languages, such as Catalán, Galician, Portuguese and Spanish. Each language is treated in a separate chapter, and their profiles are based on a largely unified set of concepts based on function and/or etymological provenance. The profiles are preceded by a chapter which clarifies the theoretical premises and methodological background for the format followed in the profiles. The concluding chapter presents a synthesis of findings from these profiles, including areal biases and the formulation of methodological problems that call for further research.

The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death

The Fate of Mood and Modality in Language Death PDF Author: Petar Kehayov
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110524082
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 404

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Book Description
Research into the “grammar of language death” is often biased toward formal processes (e.g. paradigmatic levelling). In this study the author changes the perspective and shows that the relative susceptibility of linguistic elements to loss, change and innovation in language death circumstances can be dependent on meaning and thus organized along semantic notions rather than along structure.

Clausal Complementation in South Slavic

Clausal Complementation in South Slavic PDF Author: Björn Wiemer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110725851
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 498

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Book Description
This volume assembles contributions addressing clausal complementation across the entire South Slavic territory. The main focus is on particular aspects of complementation, covering the contemporary standard languages as well as older stages and/or non-standard varieties and the impact of language contact, primarily with non-Slavic languages. Presenting in-depth studies, they thus contribute to the overarching collective aim of arriving at a comprehensive picture of the patterns of clausal complementation on which South Slavic languages profile against a wider typological background, but also diverge internally if we look closer at details in the contemporary stage and in diachronic development. The volume divides into an introduction setting the stage for the single case-studies, an article developing a general template of complementation with a detailed overview of the components relevant for South Slavic, studies addressing particular structural phenomena from different theoretical viewpoints, and articles focusing on variation in space and/or time.

Diachronic Slavonic Syntax

Diachronic Slavonic Syntax PDF Author: Björn Hansen
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110531437
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
The book is dedicated to the study of the causes and mechanisms of syntactic change in Slavonic languages, including internally motivated syntactic change, syntactic change under contact conditions (structural convergence, pattern replication, shift-induced transfer etc.): It also explores metalinguistic factors such as ideologically driven selection and propagation of syntactic structures.

The Oxford Guide to the Uralic Languages

The Oxford Guide to the Uralic Languages PDF Author: Marianne Bakró-Nagy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0198767668
Category : Foreign Language Study
Languages : en
Pages : 1172

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Book Description
This volume offers the most comprehensive and wide-ranging treatment available today of the Uralic language family, a group of languages spoken in northern Eurasia. While there is a long history of research into these languages, much of it has been conducted within several disparate national traditions; studies of certain languages and topics are somewhat limited and in many cases outdated. The Oxford Guide to the Uralic Languages brings together leading scholars and junior researchers to offer a comprehensive and up-to-date account of the internal relations and diversity of the Uralic language family, including the outlines of its historical development, and the contacts between Uralic and other languages of Eurasia. The book is divided into three parts. Part I presents the origins and development of the Uralic languages: the initial chapters examine reconstructed Proto-Uralic and its divergence, while later chapters provide surveys of the history and codification of the three Uralic nation-state languages (Hungarian, Finnish, and Estonian) and the Uralic minority languages from Baltic Europe to Siberia. This part also explores questions of endangerment, revitalization, and language policy. The chapters in Part II offer individual structural overviews of the Uralic languages, including a number of understudied minority languages for which no detailed description in English has previously been available. The final part of the book provides cross-Uralic comparative and typological case studies of a range of issues in phonology, morphology, syntax, and the lexicon. The chapters explore a number of topics, such as information structure and clause combining, that have traditionally received very little attention in Uralic studies. The volume will be an essential reference for students and researchers specializing in the Uralic languages and for typologists and comparative linguists more broadly.

Insubordination

Insubordination PDF Author: Karin Beijering
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110638282
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 396

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Book Description
Insubordinate clauses present a challenge for grammatical analysis. This is owed to their unusual combination of subordinate structure with main clause use. This volume brings together a collection of articles on the form and function of insubordination in a range of languages – providing an up-to-date overview of current research on the topic.

A Cross-linguistic Approach to the Syntax of Subjunctive Mood

A Cross-linguistic Approach to the Syntax of Subjunctive Mood PDF Author: Lena Baunaz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783031045394
Category : Language Arts & Disciplines
Languages : en
Pages : 217

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Book Description
This monograph gives a unified account of the syntactic distribution of subjunctive mood across languages, including Romance, Balkan (South Slavic and Modern Greek), and Hungarian, among others. Starting from a close scrutiny of the environments in which subjunctive mood occurs and of its semantic contribution, we present a feature-based approach which reveals the common properties of the class of verbs which embed subjunctive, and which takes into account the variation in subjunctive-related complementizers. Two main proposals can be highlighted: (i) the lexical semantics of the main clause predicate plays a crucial role in mood selection. More specifically subjunctive mood is regulated by a specific property of the main predicate, the emotive property, which is associated with the external argument of the embedding verb (usually the Subject). The book proposes a nanosyntactic analysis of the internal structure of embedding verbs. (ii) Cross- and intra-linguistic variations are dealt with according to different patterns of lexicalization, i.e., variations depend on what portions of the verb’s and complementizer’s functional sequence is lexicalized and on how it is packaged by languages. In doing so, this approach provides a uniform account of the phenomenon of embedded subjunctives. The monograph takes a novel, feature-based approach to the question of subjunctive licensing, providing a detailed analysis of the features of the matrix verb, of the complementizer and of the embedded subjunctive clause. It is also based on a wide empirical coverage, ranging from the relatively well-studied groups of Romance and Balkan languages to less explored languages from non-Indo-European families (Hungarian).

MLA International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures

MLA International Bibliography of Books and Articles on the Modern Languages and Literatures PDF Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Languages, Modern
Languages : en
Pages : 1052

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Book Description